Describe and briefly discuss an example of a real-world post-disaster assessment and a post-disaster priority. Reference the literature citation, website or whatever else you used to substantiate your answer (i.e. the answer can not be theoretical or based on personal experience alone).
here an answer u can paraphrase
Real World Post Disaster Assessment and Priority- Haiti Earthquake 2010
Post-disaster assessments are reviews of the catastrophe to address the most critical aspects of the disaster recovery process. The first inevitable activities towards the recovery process define the post-disaster priorities. Hooper, (2014) explains that disasters are usually unique and that for the recovery process to occur smoothly, there is a need for strategic planning to ensure that everybody is secured and that regular business can continue even with the loss. Post-disaster priorities usually, therefore, involve communication where the necessary resources can be collected and that the most vulnerable parties are identified to avail help. However, the recovery process can never go as smoothly as presumed. There are usually many developments that may be categorized in the short term or long term recovery process (Crutchfield, 2013). Nonetheless, the post-disaster assessments and priorities typically form the basis for search and rescue, emergency relief, early recovery activities alongside another longer-term recovery, community development, risk reduction activities and environmental concerns.
One example of post-disaster assessment involved the Haiti post-disaster recovery processes where some of the post-disaster priorities included organizations that would avail the resources to facilitate the recovery. (Crutchfield, 2013) For instance, investigates a group of organizations and explains that such entities in disaster recovery can be categorized as specialists or generalists. Generalists are organizations that are affected by the disaster and often require support in the form of finances, emergency health services and emergency search and rescue. Such firms are usually a priority since they typically represent a much more extensive array of victims who are affected by the disaster. Hooper, (2014) explains that there is a need to advance the extent to which disaster assessment processes can identify priority entities as in this case. In the case of Haiti, the Haitian government and its stakeholders was a generalist requiring all the resources available to contain the destruction that characterized the hurricane and flooding.
In the case of Haiti, both the international community and the Haitian ministries were specialist organizations offering funding and other resources to facilitate the recovery process. As such, the Haitian departments and the international community were priority players in the recovery process. Hooper, (2014), however, explains that even in the Haitian case, it would be difficult to be completely ready for an event of such magnitude principally due to the time factor. At the time of the earthquake, there was little time for necessary consultations and the disaster recovery process ended up botched by increased loss of lives and destruction of property. “Haiti Earthquake 2010,” (2010), explains that the Haitian prime minister had to establish a parallel action plan for recovery alongside the PDNA. There is an excellent aspect of prioritizing in the Haitian case where the most available resources were used to facilitate retrieval of the most compelling emergencies during the earthquake.
Conclusively, the post-disaster assessments and priorities usually form the basis for search and rescue, emergency relief, early recovery activities alongside another longer-term recovery, community development, risk reduction activities and environmental concerns. In the Haitian case, the prime minister had to develop parallel action plans to deal with the disaster from assessments of the disaster. Primarily, the development of an emergency response to the disaster was a product of a thorough review of the situation including the implications of taking actions or failing to take action. Time implications of readying action plans and recovery strategies are also part of the post-disaster assessment processes. Permanently, post disaster assessment and prioritizing ought to happen in different phases including those that are meant for the emergent situation and those that are intended for the longer term recovery and development.
Crutchfield, Melissa. (2013, Apr 30th). “Phases of Disaster Recovery: Emergency Response for the Long Term.” Reliefweb. Retrieved from https://reliefweb.int/report/world/phases-disaster-recovery-emergency-response-long-term
Haiti Earthquake 2010. (2010). Retrieved from https://www.gfdrr.org/sites/default/files/publication/rfcs-2014-haiti.pdf
Hooper, M. (2014). Priority setting amid the rubble: Organisational approaches to post-disaster reconstruction in Haiti. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 10, 270-280.
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